O-Desmethyltramadol (also known as O-DSMT and desmetramadol) is an opioid substance of the cyclohexanol class. It is an active metabolite of tramadol.
Subjective effects include sedation, pain relief, anxiety suppression, muscle relaxation, and euphoria. In comparison to tramadol, O-DSMT is reported to be less stimulating and feels considerably closer to a traditional opiate. Being the metabolite that is mainly responsible for the analgesic effect of tramadol, O-DSMT is significantly more potent by weight than its parent compound.
(+/-)O-Desmethyltramadol, or 3-(2-((dimethylamino)methyl)-1-hydroxycyclohexyl)phenol, is an atypical synthetic opioid. O-Desmethyltramadol is loosely analogous to codeine, but is not a morphinan opiate. Instead, it contains two rings including a cyclohexane ring that is bonded to a phenyl ring at R1. This phenyl ring is substituted at R3 with a hydroxy group (OH-). An additional hydroxy group is found at the same location the cyclohexane ring is bonded to at the phenyl ring, R1. O-DMST features a third substitution on its cyclohexane ring at R2. Here the ring is bonded to a dimethylamine group connected through a methylene bridge.
O-Desmethyltramadol is atypical as it is found in a racemate (combination) of its stereoisomers. Stereoisomers are two molecules that share the same chemical structure, but are three-dimensional mirror images of each other. Tramadol is produced as a racemate of its two isomers because the combination is proven to be more effective. Flipping the direction of the R2 and R1 bonds results in the R- and S- enantiomers of O-Desmethyltramadol. O-DMST is nearly identical to tramadol, and is named for the lack of the methyl group of tramadol’s R3 methoxy substituion.
- Synonyms: O-Desmethyltramadol
- Formal Name: 3-(2-((dimethylamino)methyl)-1-hydroxycyclohexyl)phenol
- CAS number: 80456-81-1
- Molecular Formula: C15H23NO2
- Molecular Weight: 249.34
- Purity: ≥98%
- Formulation: A neat solid